Multilevel Menus

Intro

One of the most frustrating, mind numbing, and common tasks with bot development is creating menus using inline keyboards. A typical menu might have multiple options with results spanning multiple levels, and juggling the logic for such menus can easily become a massive pain. Luckily, Tourmaline has you covered with the RoutedMenu helper class.

RoutedMenu

The Routedmenu class provides an easy to use DSL for generating multilevel menus, using standard HTTP routing as inspiration. Let's take a look at a simple menu example:

require "tourmaline/extra/routed_menu"
MENU = RoutedMenu.build do
route "/" do
content "Some content to go in the home route"
buttons do
route_button "Next page", "/page_2"
end
end
route "/page_2" do
content "..."
buttons do
back_button "Back"
end
end
end

Hopefully it's pretty apparent what's happening here. Each "route" is a page which has its own content and buttons. The first page has a single button linking to the /page_2 route, and the second page has a back button. The RoutedMenu maintains a history of visited routes which is used to make the back button work.

One of the nice things about this DSL, besides the obvious syntax improvement, is that it gets rid of the need to keep callback queries under the 65 character limit imposed by Telegram. This is because routes are hashed using MD5 and then truncated so that route: + the route name fits within 65 characters.